Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan and Central Asian States: A Comparative Analysis

  • Jawad Rahim Afridi, Majid Khan, Haseeb Ullah Khan, Lal Muhammad, Zubair Iqbal


The study's goal is to evaluate female labour force participation and unemployment in several central Asian nations including Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the Russian Federation with Pakistan. In addition, look at the involvement of women in the labour force in Pakistan from 2000 to 2017. Secondary data was gathered from several issues of the Pakistan Economic Survey, the World Bank, and the International Labour Organization (ILO). The estimate method utilized in this research was Two-Stage Least Square (2SLS). For this kind of event, 2SLS is an acceptable estimate method. According to the descriptive findings, Afghanistan has the lowest female involvement rate, followed by Pakistan. In Azerbaijan and Tajikistan, female unemployment is very prevalent. According to Pakistani empirical findings, female participation rate and female salaries have a positive and substantial relationship, while female unemployment rate and actual male ages have an inverse relationship. Female unemployment and interest rates, on the other hand, have a negative and substantial effect on female earnings. It was shown that female earnings in democratic governments exhibit a positive and substantial trend, implying that wages are rising under democratic regimes.