The Concept Of Environmental Evaluation Of Public Policy
The purpose of writing this article is to explain the concept of public policy environmental evaluation. The writing method uses a literature review or theoretical study, the results suggest that in the era of globalization, the environment is the third factor that determines the success of policies; factors that have changed from being simply “confounding variables” to being “determining variables”. Therefore, in policy evaluation, evaluation of the policy environment is necessary. Environmental evaluation is divided into two, namely, formulation environmental evaluation and environmental evaluation of policy implementation. Policy evaluation can be done by looking at the level of policy implementability which consists of program content (content of policy) and environmental conditions of policy (context of policy). The contents of the program contain interests that influence policy implementation, benefits that can be obtained, the degree of change, the location of decision making, program implementers, and the resources used. Whereas in environmental conditions there are powers, interests and strategies of the actors involved, the character of the institutions and the ruling regime, as well as the level of compliance and response from the implementers and target groups.