Targeting the Financing of Science in the Context of Strategic Planning
This paper is focused on financing of science as a strategic planning target. The choice of directions of the country’s scientific and technological development is impossible without an assessment of the scientific and technological potential, which, in turn, is objectively predetermined by the logic, dynamics and modern trends of the global scientific and technological progress. The competitiveness of such potential of any country is characterized, first, by competitive advantages in comparison with the corresponding potential of the competing country. The research goal of the following paper is to determine the criteria that can be transformed in relation to the development of science in the framework of strategic planning in the perspective of the Russia Federation economic system. The distinguished dynamics and characteristics will help to simplify the understanding of the country's scientific and technological development, identify the main reasons for the low growth rate of extrabudgetary funding in science and establish the main directions for stimulating the involvement of extrabudgetary sources in financing research and development. For the purposes of the study, such scientific methods as analysis, synthesis, generalization, induction, comparison, formalization, as well as methods of comparative, statistical and economic analysis were used. The article analyzes the dynamics and structure of one of the prevalent indicators to assess the scientific and technological development of the country — an indicator of internal research and development costs. As a result, was found a transformation of the goal setting in strategic planning. Therefore, had been determined indicators of R&D domestic expenses that show the impossibility of achieving the established values of the strategic planning. Moreover, the authors analyzed the main grounds for the low growth rate of extrabudgetary funding in science. This problem can be solved by improving statistical tools for accounting R&D costs, stimulate enterprises and organizations to classify expenses as research and development.