Attitudes Towards Self-Care Of Sexuality In Adolescents In A School Environment
The positive attitude that the adolescent assumes towards the self-care of his or her own sexuality and responsible reproduction, will make it possible to greatly reduce sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies, high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality, and abortions, among others. Objective: To describe the scientific production on the attitude towards self-care of sexuality in adolescents in a school environment. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective bibliometric study was carried out, analyzing original articles published in scientific journals indexed in the Scielo, Dialnet, Redalyc, Scopus, Latindex and Doaj databases. Population: It was constituted by 40 published articles that were chosen considering the years 2016-2020, with an average of 25 studies on attitudes towards self-care of sexuality found in a database. These data included: title, name and surname of the authors, type of document, number of authors, as well as country, language, key words, year of publication. The results show that cognitive, affective and behavioral deficiencies are detrimental to the health of adolescents, along with risk factors such as: insecurity, social pressure, beliefs, lack of support and communication with parents, inadequate use of contraceptive methods, lack of sexual education, increased rates of infection by STDs, HIV-AIDS, and unwanted pregnancies related to adolescent risk behaviors. It is concluded that it is necessary to implement preventive educational activities in this vulnerable population in order to improve their well-being and quality of life.