Political System of Asia Continent in Pre and Post Second World War

  • Liaquat Ali Chandio, Prof. Dr. Amir Ahmed Khuhro, Zaheer Hussian Soomro


Due to geography, racial culturally and politically Asia is playing important role in world affairs. After Second World War except soviet Asia and china all were under colonial power. The democratic institutions and democracy started in Israel, India, Malaysia, Philippine, china,   Japan the Korea was divided on 38th parallel. . Indonesia became democratic while the South Vietnam became communist republic Cambodia and Laos became constitutional monarchy. Malaya became federalism.  The Burma came under power of UN under democratic government. Ceylon became democratic. Nepal became parliamentary form. Bhutan was traditional monarchist. In Afghanistan was constitutional monarchy.  In Iran parliamentary government. Turkey under president. Syria adopted parliamentary government, United Arab Republic during (UAR) time. Jordan under hereditary. Lebanon was divided into two parts.  Iraq, under dictator. In Saudi Arabia, under monarchy system.  Kuwait remained under al-Sabah family.  The communist policy brought peace in Asia and save the Asia from the capitalist,. The nationalist wanted make Asia safe for freedom.

 In Middle East Iran and Arab states were awareness about the communist threat but due to Iranian oil dispute, Suez Canal and Arab –Israel hostility complex to join communist bloc. In UN there were two groups Asian –African group and other group was Arab Asian group except Egypt, both played important role in Asia.  After bundling conference in 1955, the china, japan, Indonesia, Pakistan and turkey did not follow the Indian leadership.  Japan, china and Indonesia adopted new policy and new political system.   After it the Sino- Soviet split the communist block divided into two part.The third world countries in Asia. After Bandung conference due to internal rivalries it split in two blocks communist and noncommunist and Indonesia adopted isolation policy.