An Overview of the Various Methods Used For Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are widespread, appearing over a broad spectrum of agroclimatic environments. AM fungi establish symbiotic relationships with roots of approximately 80% of the terrestrial plants. AM fungi are distinguished by their special extra-radical haustoric mycelium, a formation recognised as arbuscules inside the cortical cells. The primary function of the arbuscules is to increase the root surface during nutrient transmission. AM fungi colonise the roots of the plants and penetrate into surrounding soil, extending the root depletion zone and the root system. Furthermore, AM fungi improves the growth of the host plant by increased nutrient intake, generating growth-promoting substances, increase tolerance to drought, salinity and synergistic interactions with other soil microbes. The aim of this article is to illustrate the typical methods employed for the mass production of AM fungiand their significant advantages and drawbacks.