IOT BASED AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEM FOR MONITORING THE EMISSION LEVELS OF THE INDIVIDUAL VEHICLES
Internet of Things (IoT) is a worldwide system to connect “smart devices” with surrounding. One of the major
problems in our era is Global Air Pollution. Harmful pollutant emitted by vehicles exhaust system is one of the
major factor of air pollution. Every vehicle has emission but the problem arises when the vehicle’s emission
exceeds standard limit. This mainly occurs due to incomplete combustion of fuel inside vehicles combustion
system and its major concern is improper maintenance of vehicles.
To overcome the existing problem, a system is proposed which individually monitors the pollutant emission of all
the vehicles. An IoT kit is designed which contains gas sensors, Arduino integrated development environment
(IDE), a microcontroller and a Wi-Fi module. The kit can be physically placed in every vehicles exhaust system.
Data about every vehicles pollutant emission is collected by the various sensors and it is forwarded to the
microcontroller and Arduino IDE. The Arduino IDE transmits data to the cloud via the Wi-Fi module. A Web
Server is designed which keeps the information about the vehicles pollutant emission which the RTO authority
can access. The controller continuously monitors the vehicles emission and if its emission exceeds the standard
set threshold value notification is generated. Hence by the use of this pollution controlling circuit air pollution
can be controlled to a greater extent