Budget Practice, Control And Problems With Reference To Ministry Of Peace In Ethiopia
This study sought to assess the budget practice, control, and problems in the case of ministry of peace. To achieve this objective a descriptive survey design has been used with primary and secondary data by using mixed research method by employing quantitative and qualitative research methods. Purposive sampling techniques also employed. The quantitative research method used through 144 usable self-administered questionnaires and distributed to the Ministry of Peace staffs and to triangulate the data additional secondary data were used and analyzed using SPSS statistical software were presented in form of frequency, tables and charts. The qualitative research method used through documents review and interview. The linear regression model was used to analysis the collected data. According to the findings of the study; in the ministry the budget used for work planning and accomplishment, decision making and apply budget as the basis for controlling tool important as; coordination and accomplishment of activities, limitation of expenditure and to some extent for control of organizational activities are important, but not concern for plans for future growth. Whereas lacks regular follow up and evaluation practice lags to enhance the budget performance, budget participation and involvement does not address all, short of accountability and transparency. Mainly the problems and constraints of the budgetary system is improper allocations of budget in essence, and failure to involve experts and departments, lack of adequate skill about budget administration (experts, officials), improper allocation of budget, weak monitoring and controlling systems, lack of planning and budgeting, insufficient budget for the ministry, poor analyze and feedback system, lack of flexible budgetary structure. And, for the effectiveness of budget control particularly budgeting and planning, legitimacy and delegation, effective utilization of budget, and follow up and monitoring are the main contributing factors.