Motif in Comparative Literature
The article is dedicated to the analysis of the term motif in the example of two novels —“Arrowsmith” and “Three roots”. Comparative literature is specialized in identifying common and unique features of national literatures. There are some similarities in the artistic creation of the novelists like Sinklair Lewis and Pirimkul Kodirov. S.Lewis was the first American writer who got the Nobel prize for literature. As for P. Kodirov, he made an immense contribution in the development of Uzbek prose. The article analyses and explains the common and diverse features of the two novels. Both writers depict their ideals about a contemporary intellectual man and the ethical worldview of men in science. The conflict between a man and society is given through the fate and the outlook of the characters. Despite the social differences, S. Lewis and P. Kodirov apply similar techniques to put moral qualities against various social ailments. The artistic concept and the art of character creation show common features in the authors prose. The motif of searching for the truth served as the driving force behind the plot events in the novels. It is also through this motif that the psychological dynamics of the protagonists are revealed.