Exposure to War on Terrorism and Rehabilitation: Boosting and Mitigating Role of Psychological Stress in the presence of Depression and PTSD

  • Hayat Muhammad, Summiya Ahmad, Shakir Ullah, Wasim Ullah


The study aimed to explore the predicting role of psychological stress in the presence of depression and PTSD. Sample of the study comprised of two hundred respondents (N=200) from Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. A purposive sampling technique was adopted to select respondents. Respondents were further divided into two males (n=100) and females (n=100). Impact of Event Scale, The Civilian Mississippi Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale were administered for data collection. In study-1, it was assumed that psychological stress will predict the appearance of depression and PTSD; in study-2, it was hypothesized that psychological intervention will mitigate psychological stress, depression, and PTSD. The results supported the hypotheses. The result showed that psychological stress strongly predicted the presence of depression and PTSD; it also explored that psychological intervention is playing a pivotal role in mitigating depression and PTSD.