Stress and PTSD: Psychological Consequences of Exposure to War on Terrorism and Rehabilitation

  • Hayat Muhammad, Shakir Ullah, Summiya Ahmad, Dr. Noor Faraz, Dr. Wasimullah


This research was carried out to detect the levels of several psychological ailments such as stress, depression, and PTSD that are often associated with the side effects of being in the warzone and terrorism. The number of subjects was 200 (N = 200) that voluntarily opted to be a part of this research. 50% of the participants were male (n = 100) whereas 50% were female (n = 100). Random sampling technique was used for selection of sample. The Impact of Event Scale (IES), The Civilian Mississippi Scale (CMS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GPS) were used for the detection and measurement of stress, PTSD, and Depression respectively. It was hypothesized that women will show a significant correlation among PTSD, depression, and stress in the study during the initial phase. Another assumption was that men showed recovery after receiving proper treatments more efficiently than women. The results were in favor of the given hypotheses. The results showed (p<0.05) that the people who were present during the times of war and witnessed the scenarios of the warzone with their naked eye developed some serious psychological disorders including psychological stress, PTSD, and depression. In the second stage of this research, observations states that treatments and precautions taken to reduce the aftermath of this make a huge difference in the conditions of these victims by eliminating the above-mentioned mental disorders.