The Impact of New Terrorism on Iran and the Axis of Resistance after the Arab Transformations in 2011

  • Reza Hassanzadeh, Ali Bagherizadeh


Arab transformations in 2011 provided a period of turmoil and war focused on non-state actors in the region, in which state actors attempted to create or reinforce this type of terrorism in opposition to their regional and trans-regional rivals.To avoid imposing the costs of state wars, they used terrorism to counter the ideological expansionism of the other side.Technological transformations, especially in the media and easier access to weapons, have made sub-groups of terrorists become powerful actors in a state-oriented environment challenging governments.Although terrorist activity in the state-oriented environment was considered an anomaly that governments had to suppress,the intensity of these activities, especially since 2011, has been so high that terrorist groups and their activities have become a model in West Asia.This type of terrorism has threatened both governments of the axis of resistance and sub-groups of resistance such as Hezbollah and Hamas.So far, opposition-driven states of the resistance axis have used this new actor to weaken the axis.This article examined the impact of modern terrorism on the axis of resistance and investigated the impact of new terrorism on the axis of resistance.The main question was what effect does new terrorism have on the axis of resistance?Having used explanatory method and library resources, this study illustrated that new terrorism is about to create a discipline in which resistance discourse is marginalized and the axis of resistance is introduced as a terrorist front resulting the rise of violence in West Asia.