Failure of the State - Nation Building and the Rise of the Failed state in Afghanistan; its Threats to the National Security of the Islamic Republic of Iran

  • Mohammad Reza Dehghani Soltani, Ali Bagherizadeh


State-nation building highlights security for both the country involved and its neighbors. The state-nation-building process and the formation of a national government are important issues in Afghanistan's political and social life. Since September 11, 2001, the United States has sought to lead the Afghan community in line with its priorities by playing a role in the nation-building process, and by establishing a liberal democracy based on Western values ​​in Afghanistan, to make this land a model for other countries in the region. Changes following the fall of the Taliban, particularly the activities of terrorist groups, have shown insecurity is on the rise. The new government and security agencies were not very effective at removing traditional patterns of authority, and the failed government as a whole would be the future of Afghanistan. If state-nation building in Afghanistan leads to substantial success, it will contribute to regional peace and stability, but there is evidence that state-nation building has failed in Afghanistan, which has disastrous political, security, and economic consequences for regional countries, especially for Iran. The failure of state-nation-building in this country has resulted in the emergence of a failed government that can undermine the Islamic Republic's national security in the political (development of ethnic disputes and religious extremism, military and terrorism), social (increase in migration, drug trafficking), and challenge the environment and the Hirmand issue.