Problems and Issues in Adoption of Biofertilizers by Farmers of Idukki District
Green revolution techniques focused on maximizing the agricultural output resulting in excessive dependence on chemical fertilizers in farming. But the non-scientific and excessive application of these chemical inputs caused irreparable damages to the soil and the ecosystem. The awareness of the ill effects of chemical inputs prompted the authorities to encourage the farmers to shift to eco-friendly inputs in agriculture. Biofertilizers seem to be an alternative mechanism for the farmers as it improves fertility and organic content of the soil without any harmful impacts. Government and related agencies have taken various steps to promote the adoption of biofertilizers among farmers. Literature reviews and researches reveal that, despite the promotional efforts, the adoption of biofertilizers has not uniformly spread across the farming community. There are certain constraints that restrain the wide spread adoption of these fertilizers. This research study explores the farmers’ constraints in the adoption of biofertilizers.