Discussion of Instructional Methods and Subjects by Caliph Harun ArRasyid (786-810AD) Educational Speech
This paper discusses the Caliph Harun ArRasyid's (786-810AD) speech text which is pointed out several instructional methods and subjects that are obligatory in teaching and learning especially at an early age. Based on secondary data recorded by Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406AD) in The Mukaddimah, this Caliph's perspective underlies the priorities in student dormancy, forming the good identities and capabilities of a student based on a religious framework. The implication is that some aspects of the curriculum are value-added to the religious educational framework. This paper concludes that in shaping the future of the students, these instructional methods and subjects are a formula that accompanies the success of the educational philosophy itself. It is hoped that this paper provides useful insights into the education processes involved in student dormancy through instructions and subjects during teaching and learning sessions, and contribute to the increased awareness of curriculum processes among stakeholders in Malaysia.