The Utilization of Preconception Care from Women’s Perspectives
Preconception care (PCC) are important things to do before pregnancy. PCC aims to find and change biomedical and social risks to women's health and pregnancy conditions with an optimal early detection strategy. But, women have not seen PCC as important so that the use of PCC by women is still lacking. The purpose of this study is to identify literature related to the perspective of women’s reproductive age about the utilization of preconception care. This scoping review adopts the Arksey and O’Malley framework (2005) in five steps. Inclusion criteria are original articles published between 2009-2019 in the English language. The databases used are PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Wiley, ProQuest and search engines (Google Scholar). The critical appraisal in this study uses the Joanna Briggs Institute to measure the quality of each article reviewed. The researchers synthesized 12 articles that reviewed the reproductive-age woman's perspective on the utilization of PCC according to the criteria. There are 5 articles from developing countries and 7 articles from developed countries. Four themes found in the study such as the utilization of PCC, the barriers, the source of PCC, and the role of health care provider. Optimizing the preconception will have an impact on the health of the next period, starting on pregnancy to the puerperium. Therefore, a strategy is needed to increase the utilization of preconception care in women’s reproductive age. In the implementation, it is necessary to collaborate with various disciplines in interprofessional collaboration (IPC), male participation in PCC and increasing the competency of health workers.