Sex Education Provision to Children from the Parents’ Perspective
Children especially adolescents are vulnerable to get misinformation about sex. This can lead to high sex outside marriage, unwanted pregnancy, the transmission of the HIV virus. One way to prevent this is to provide sex education to children. But there are still many people who do not provide sex education. Parents assume sex education as if it was only limited to sexual relations. This review uses the Arksey and O'Malley framework. Data search was performed in 3 databases to be mapped and synthesized to find gaps from some literature. The results found in the review are the majority (55%) using quantitative methods and the majority (64%) research from developed countries. Besides the themes found and this review is the parents’ obstacle in discussing sex education, the children factor not discussing sex education in parents, the factors that influence mothers giving sex education to children, the right time in giving sex education, ways parents provide effective sex education to children and the best source of sex education. Most parents assume that sex education is only related to sexual relations. Therefore, most parents provide sex education when children are 11 years old or puberty. Mothers are considered as the best source of information in providing sex education to children.