A Study of School-Based Sexual Education Teaching in LMICs
The taboo culture and reticence of parents and teachers encourages adolescents to look for information related to sexuality through the internet that does not have a clear source. Teenage ignorance about sexuality causes various reproductive health problems, including unwanted pregnancy, giving birth at a young age, unsafe abortion, STIs and sexual violence. This review of scoping reviews aims to find out the perspective of teachers in teaching school-based sexual education in developing countries. This review guide from framework of Arksey and O'Malley study. Four databases were used with inclusion criteria in the form of English and original research from 2005-2019. A checklist from the Joana Briggs Institute is used to assess the quality of articles. There were 20 articles successfully reviewed which were dominated by the African and Asian continents. The authors found 3 themes, namely teacher understanding of school-based sexual education, obstacles in teaching sexual education, and strategies that teachers do. The limited teachers’ knowledge, inadequate time allocation, lack of training and no pedagogical guidelines for teaching, and the inconvenience of teaching controversial topics results in teachers feeling sexual education is an additional workload and should be done by health professionals.