Commercialization of Research and Development Results as the Economy Growth Factor of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The commercialization of R&D deliverables in Kazakhstan and far-abroad countries are highlighted in this article. Facilities that interact in the process of financing, creating and promoting the results of scientific research at the market, a comparative analysis of the methods of commercialization of scientific and technical products, identified problems that impede the development processes in the field of commercialization of scientific and technical developments. As a result of the society natural progress, there is a growing need to find opportunities to commercialize the results of scientific and technological developments. The objectives of a need to transfer the economy of Kazakhstan to an innovative path of the development are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the experience, stimulation of scientific research and the practice of transferring their results to commercial applications. The leading American universities are illustrated as an example to describe the arrangement ways of innovative activity in higher education institutes, its main directions and effectiveness; Data of this activity requires significant support from the State and the private sector are provided. Thus, the ideas of the Bay-Dole Law (USA) were widely used in Japan, Germany and the UK, and their recommendations can be adjusted in Kazakhstan. Based on the study results, the authors came to the conclusion that for the effective commercialization of scientific and technical products, great attention should be paid to the choice of the method of commercialization, since it determines the size of the effect produced by the developer in the future. The research methodology is based on a quantitative analysis of content data collected from open sources as legal documents, the policy of research organizations and various practical strategies used by players in the process of technology commercialization. In addition, a comparative SWAT analysis of the current state of the technology commercialization system in Kazakhstan.