AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS AND HEALTH HAZARDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WOMEN EMPLOYEE’S IN SPINNING INDUSTRY, ERODE DISTRICT, TAMILNADU.
Women’s employment is an index of a society’s modernization. It helps them to initiate and motivate the process of change towards social integrity and build up human resources. The traditional role of a man has been to earn money for the running of the home. This has changed to a great extent. Now, working women contribute to the expenses of running their homes as well. The working women have added responsibilities of looking after both the family and the workplace. Hence, due to a lot of mental pressure, women develop both physical and psychological problems. Because of their busy plan both at home and at the workplace, women are short of time to perform all their duties. In spinning industry, most of the workers are women employees. The work environment of the industry causes a lot of illness to the women because of constant extended working hours, ill-health, physical and mental sickness, which leads to fatigue, stress, auditory damage, breathing problems, and etc. At present majority of illiterate women are employed in the textile industries. Inspite of the improvement in textile technology the work environment has not changed much. Even today women are working with low wages in minimum physical comforts. Occupational illness reflects health hazards fetched by highlight within the work environment. Due to lack of education, ignorant of hazards of their occupations, general backwardness in the sanitation, poor nutrition and climatic proneness of this geographic region to epidemics intensify their health hazards from work environment. At this juncture the present article was an attempt to observe occupational illness and health hazards among women employees in Erode District of Tamilnadu.