Factors to ensure sustainable innovation development in the context of rational environmental management
Complex self-governing socio-economic systems (civil groups of territories) have been developing on the basis of their natural resources and therefore have a pronounced production orientation linked to the peculiarities of the mineral and raw material base of the territories, the corresponding structuredness of the production structures elements and location in certain space boundaries, community and consumer facilities. On the contrary, social and consumption spheres are tending to the unification of consumption standards no matter where they are located and which industry they are formed around. Geographical, climatic, national and other features have an effect on the latter, but in the conditions of a developing civilization, the degree of the above features’ influence on individual consumption standard decreases: in any place a person needs to be provided with good housing, energy, information, transportation, etc.
Forming awareness of a new consumption standard allows designing a new production structure, finding the possibility of balancing consumption volumes between structures competing in their own interests that form the elemental basis of socio-economic model which disposes its elements within larger space boundaries. The equilibrium between consumption standards and production volumes of the structures that consume them is one of the factors for sustainable functioning of socio-economic models.
There exist a number of models for assessing sustainable development, but their analysis shows that most of them focus primarily on one or two of three aspects of sustainability, and every subsequent model appears to be a supplement or a derivative of the previous one. At the same time, sustainable development is always considered as something more than a simple aggregation of its main parts; these are also interrelations that arise between them.
The goal of the article is to find a measuring apparatus for assessing the sustainable development of the world community countries, which would be relevant to the modern paradigm of human development and new view of sustainability.