Awareness of Green Computing practices among Saudi University Students
The utilization of ICTs in higher education is colossal in almost all universities around the world. However, the university’s IT department is the one which devours the most amount of energy influencing the organization overhead and a source of poisonous pollutant. The primary objective of the research is to respond to the essential research question: what is the level of green computing knowledge, habits, attitude and intentions of students towards its adoption? The research will further identify the relationship between subjective and perceived knowledge. Also, the research will give useful insights related to the effect of gender and program of study on it. The research started with a systematic literature review to set and validate the research objectives. The questionnaire was adapted from the authenticated measurement available in green computing adoption studies. The data aggregated were statistically analyzed using a combination of descriptive analysis (percentage and frequency analysis), consistency test by Chronbach’s alpha, Independent Sample T-Test and Bivariate Correlation. The finding shows that students from all program of studies are not knowledgeable about green practices. However, the researchers have uncovered a significant reality that computer experience has a stimulus on green computing awareness. The students with high perceived knowledge also have good objective knowledge about green computing. The female respondents reported a slightly higher level of use of green computing practices and a higher level of intention and attitude towards the acceptance of green computing. This useful insight will help the policymakers to formulate and revise their green strategies for embracing green computing in the universities. The research will recommend better ways to incorporate the green computing in the existing curriculum and university research to ensure higher technical skills blended with green skills in future managers, educators, administrators and policymakers. Subsequently, it could be utilized as a contribution to persistent improvement and advancement activities.
Keywords: Green computing, sustainable computing, green IT, green computing and higher education, Green computing awareness, green computing adoption