Extradition Agreement As An Enforcement Of Law Instrument In Money Laundering In The Scope Of Transnational Organized Crime
Extradition institution is a form of international cooperation that grows as a result of the development of international law. The word "extradition" implies the surrender of perpetrators of criminal acts (escape). An extradition agreement is a strategic prerequisite as an instrument of effective cooperation between countries for law enforcement and justice efforts, especially the efforts of countries in the context of eradicating crime in various countries. One crime that is increasingly prevalent in the current era of globalization is money laundering. This crime has led to the level of transnational organized crime, which is done by transferring money obtained illegally through a series of financial transactions with the intention of making it difficult for all parties to investigate and find out the origin of the money that it changes its nature as if it becomes legal money for later to be used to carry out legal activities.
Method used in this study is juridical normative approach. This approach is an approach in the form of understanding literature materials with international convention sources, national legislation official documents, literary books and scientific articles relating to the problem.
The results of study showed that the determination of authority in order to approve or reject extradition request is based on three systems, namely the authority of the executive body, the authority of the judiciary and the combined system. Money laundering is a form of crime that develops into trans-organized crime because it is based on protecting the proceeds of crime by hiding or disguising the origin of the proceeds of crime as if it were a legal act and then used for legal activities.