A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN BREATHING CONTROL AND PURSED LIP BREATHING AMONG BRONCHIAL ASTHMA PATIENTS
Background: Asthma is a condition that affects many individuals in Malaysia. Pursed-lip breathing and breathing control appear to be effective in improving the expiratory flow rate in bronchial asthma patients. Objective: To find out the effect of breathing control and pursed-lip breathing on expiratory flow rate among patient with bronchial asthma. Methodology: A quantitative research model in the form of a Quasi-Experimental type Study design was carried out in this study. A convenient sampling of 30 participants among the bronchial asthma patient was collected from clinics and hospitals around Kedah, Malaysia. Subjects were randomly assigned into 2 groups with each group of 15 subjects equally. Group A was given pursed lip breathing exercise as part of treatment while group B was given breathing control as treatment. Descriptive statistic was used for data analysis. Tabulation and computation of frequencies and percentages were calculated on selected variables. Result: The study shows group a (pursed lip breathing) has greater improvement compares to group B (breathing control). The mean of difference in peak flow expiratory flow rate before and after the treatment between group A and B are 43.333±16.220 and 25.289±18.002 respectively. The p-value was 0.007 which showed statistical significance in the result (p<0.05). Conclusion: The result shows both pursed lip breathing and breathing control is effective in improving the expiratory flow rate of bronchial asthma patients. However, when comparing between both groups, pursed lip breathing appears to demonstrate greater improvement in the expiratory flow rate among patient with bronchial asthma. In shorts, pursed lip breathing is one of the easiest ways to allow patients with bronchial asthma to make effective breath. This is because of the improvement in oxygenation in the lungs which helps patients to achieve the highest functioning of the lungs.