Ethnic Diversity In Sikka Regency East Nusa Tenggara as A Principle Of Multiculturalism
Advances in technology have made a convenient human interconnection in all parts of the world. The boundary between nations due to ethnic and racial differences is increasingly blurred and the world united by a unifying global life. Global life in unity and diversity becomes a new value with multiculturalism as the main concept that needs to be internalized towards the world of peace and harmony. This study aims to elaborate on the existence of various ethnic groups and domiciles in Sikka Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Various ethnic groups can navigate life in tolerance in an atmosphere of diversity that frames it. The study was conducted using a qualitative ethnographic approach as developed by Spreadly. Data obtained through the process of participant observation, interviews and in-depth analysis of various forms of related documents. Data were analyzed using ethnographic analysis with 12 progressive and coherent steps. The results of the study confirmed that in Sikka Regency there are five major ethnic groups which are Sikka Krowe, Lio, Tana Ai, Palue and Tidung. All of five ethnic groups domiciles in various regions of Sikka Regency, starting from the west End bordering Ende Regency to the east bordering East Flores Regency. Each ethnic group has a history of formation processes that are not similar in terms of time and manner. However, they have similarities in the purpose of establishing an ethnic territory, specifically in the search for a better life. Interaction with the outside world makes ethnic diversity in Sikka Regency increasingly diverse not only from the physical elements of ethnicity, but also the diversity of belief systems, either native beliefs or beliefs due to external influences, such as language, and daily life patterns. Nevertheless, the diversity of ethnicity in Sikka Regency has brought forth to a peaceful and harmonious social life which is caused by customary ties and strong local wisdom values in maintaining social life without conflict. This is a strong principle for the implementation of multiculturalism values in the lives of the people in Sikka Regency.