Insight into the Role of Islamic Civil Societies in Indonesia and Malaysia: Comparison of the Islamic Political Development
A model of Islamic political development of an Islamic civil society is mainly constructed and derived from the fundamentally Islamic ideology and leader’s legal thinking and strategy, in which the strategy in Islamic society is meant as a preaching approach. Muhammadiyāh and Al-Washliyāh are the largest Islamic societies in Indonesia, and the both have obvious differences in preaching strategy. Muhammadiyāh consistently attempts purification of Islam based on the modern thinking without relying to Mażhab (school of thought), while Al-Washliyāh keeps its conservative thinking using Mażhab as the fundamental reference. Both societies carry out a holistic approach in their preaching activities, while on the other side, keeping political distance against the government. These societies’ approaches are in contrast with Pertubuhan Kebajikan Islam Malaysia, the PERKIM’s strategic ones. PERKIM is the largest Islamic society which plays significant role in Islamic preaching and development in Malaysia. It frequently carries out a political approach towards the government in order to accommodate the preaching activities and Islamicization. Hence, it is noticeable that the fundamental differences of Islamic societies in Indonesia and Malaysia lie on the preaching strategy and political relations which subsequently implying to a model of Islamic political development.