A Sustainable Approach of Toaster by Using Simplified Life Cycle Assessment: A Case Study

  • Ruqayah Ali Grmasha, Osamah J. Al-sareji


Toaster is considered the main appliances in every household worldwide. Thus, it is necessary to
analysis its life cycle and figures out which phase affects the environment and how its impacts could
be alleviated. Simplified Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) was conducted for the entire life cycle of
Toaster considering raw materials phase, manufacturing phase, usage phase, End of life (EOL) and
transportation. According to SLCA results, the Polypropylene scored the highest SLCA points
(approximate 0.2117) among the materials used in the Toaster. This can be expected as it contributes
to the major weight of Toaster. Copper scored the second-highest SLCA points (0.1318) because of its
environmental impacts resulted from raw material extraction processes such as mining. This paper
also pointed out that the hot spot analysis during the manufacturing phase has resulted from plastic
injection moulding. In the life-cycle of Toaster, the obtained results of SCLA indicated that the usage
phase had the highest SLCA points among all phases. This can result from the high consumption of
electricity. After performing the sensitivity analysis, it is evidenced that replacing the conventional
fossil fuel to renewable wind power would have a less environmental impact during the life-cycle of
the Toaster.

How to Cite
Ruqayah Ali Grmasha, Osamah J. Al-sareji. (2020). A Sustainable Approach of Toaster by Using Simplified Life Cycle Assessment: A Case Study. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(9s), 5910-5919. Retrieved from https://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/18776