Territorial Environmental and Economic Assessments in Urbanized Industrial Areas
The growing impact of economic activity on the environment of any administrative-territorial formation, as a rule, is associated with an increase in the production of new substances and products and emissions of various pollutants and waste. In the aggregate, all factors of anthropogenic impact on the natural environment of the territory lead to serious changes in natural landscapes, pollution of the atmosphere, water bodies and soil. The basis of environmental and economic factors is a comprehensive, or interdisciplinary, approach and analysis. Here, the integration principle and mutual penetration of such sciences as economics, sociology, biology, ecology, politics and other disciplines are most often manifested. Therefore, in the study of environmental and economic factors, there is a need to consider the state of the territory in all its complexity and complexity. Moreover, often with a combination of environmental and economic approaches, difficulties and contradictions of an interdisciplinary approach arise. Territorial environmental and economic assessments in urbanized industrial areas show that population congestion in growing urban agglomerations leads to an excess of the permissible technogenic level of impact on natural systems, as well as to depletion of local water, fuel and the ability of the environment to store and process the entire set of various wastes, exceeding the thresholds of permissible exposure.