A Study on Psycho-Social Consequences of Infertility in Rural Area
Introduction-Thepattern and trends of infertility indicates that there is increase in prevalence of infertility in India. Around 8-12% of all couples are infertile worldwide and this number is still on rise, which indicates that the one in ten couples experiences either primary or secondary infertility.1, 2In a report published by WHO, the prevalence of primary and secondary infertility in India is 3% and 8% respectively and the overall fertility rate declined in India by 22.73% from 2.7 in 2005-06 (NFHS-3) to 2.2 in 2015-16 (NFHS-4)while the total fertility rate in rural areas was 2.4 in 2015-16 (NFHS-4). MATERIALS AND Methods-Our study was performed inthe department of obstetrics & gynaecology for the duration of 1 year. All the women coming to the infertility department of hospital with willingness to participate in the study were included.The sample size was 100 married women with the age between 20 to 45 years was considered and a structured detailed questionnaire was made to meet the objective of study. RESULTS-61% of the patients mentioned that their years of marriage is between 6-10 years. Most of the patients in our study were Hindu by religion and secondary type of infertility was more with 69%. Most of the cases belongs to the lower middle class (45%) with 65% of below matriculation education status of the husband while in case of females it was 64%. Conclusion-Regardless of cause of infertility women are blamed which leads to the psychological stress, low selfesteem, depression, anxiety issues and suicidal tendencies in infertile women. A significant percentage of husbands didn’t go for treatment & follow-up gives a reflection of male dominated society who tries to stigmatise female spouse. A gross need of awareness and proper counselling of infertile couple is required in the society.