Problems of Primary Education among the Tea Tribe students in Assam: with Special Reference to Dhekiajuli Sub-Division
Education being a Fundamental Right for the Children of 6-14 years of age group, it is expected that issues of Drop out, out- of - school children, quality of education and availability of trained teachers would be addressed in near future. It provides for children’s right to an education of equitable quality, based on principles of equity and non-discrimination. Most importantly, it provides for children’s right to an education that is free from fear, stress and anxiety. There are few specific problems responsible for the slow progress of education in the tea garden areas. The present study attempts to investigate the educational problems together with the infrastructural facilities available in the primary schools of tea garden areas. The study also enquires the enrollment and drop-out rate of students in the schools of the tea garden areas. The data has been collected with the help of self structured interview schedule, observation and house hold survey. In the present study a sample of 8 tea gardens were purposively selected. Out of these select tea gardens a sample of 10 schools where children of the tea garden laborers were enrolled have been selected purposively. The total sample comprises of School-10, Teacher-24, Students-60 and parents-122. The data have been analyzed using simple percentage and graphical representation. Based on both primary and secondary sources of data it has been found that Students of lower classes suffer from linguistic difficulties leading to poor academic progress. There is no Adult Education Centre in the area of the surveyed tea gardens. School supervision is not done on a regular basis. There is less number of female teachers appointed in the schools.