Assessment of the Landscape of the Foothills and Plateaus of the Middle Zarafshan Basin for Agricultural Purposes and Zoning
Due to the intensive use of landscapes to provide the world's population with natural resources, man-made degradation, chemical pollution, soil degradation and other negative environmental processes are increasing in the natural environment. International organizations pay great attention to combating these problems. In particular, the UN Sustainable Development Program until 2030 sets the tasks of "protection and restoration of terrestrial ecosystems, their rational use, rational forest management, combating desertification, stopping land degradation and preventing the loss of biodiversity." These tasks require the effective use of landscape complexes, especially in arid climates, the development of agriculture, the implementation of economic activities in the region on the basis of the principles of system-structural, paragenetic and paradynamic interrelationships. It is also necessary to organize the rational use of geosystems in different sectors of the economy on a scientific basis, to implement various economic activities based on the characteristics of each microdistrict, to determine the NDVI (vegetation index) of regions, to calculate NDVI diagrams, in turn, complex dynamics priority is given to the study of processes. In this study, the foothill plains and distribution landscapes of the Middle Zarafshan Basin are micro-zoned for agricultural purposes based on the principle of paragenetic and paradynamic interrelationships, and a complex description of the micro-zones is given.