Study of the Life and Work of Bahauddin Muhammad Sultan Walad
Sheikh Bahauddin Muhammad (Mehmed) Sultan Walad ibn Mawlana Jalaliddin, poet and Mawlawi sheikh who lived and worked in Turkey in the 13th and 14th centuries, is one of the founders of Ottoman Turkish literature. From his youth, Sultan Walad was brought up by his father, Sheikh ul-Mashayikh Jalaliddin Rumi-Balkhi, his teachers Sayyid Burhaniddin, Muhaqqiq Termizi, Shamsiddin Tabrizi, Salahiddin Zarqub, Husamiddin Chalabi, and developed a love for mysticism and poetry. He took part in his conversations as a devoted disciple of his father, mastered the basics of theology, gnosis, and became an enlightened mature man. Sultan Walad knew Persian, Arabic, Turkish and Greek and left a rich literary heritage in these languages. He continues the literary works of his father Jalaliddin Rumi in prose and poetry, created in a style that is understandable to the public. From Sultan Walad to us there is a diwan, a poetic work called “Masnaviyati Waladiya” consisting of epics such as “Ibtida-nama” (“Walad-nama”), “Rabab-nama”, “Intiha-nama” and a prose work called “Ma’arif”. Sultan Walad developed the traditions of mystical works written in Persian in Turkish literature. Due to the demands of the literary traditions of the time, he wrote most of his works in Persian, while most people who did not understand Persian wrote some in Turkish in order to acquaint them with the essence of Jalaliddin Rumi’s advices. He also continued the path of Mawlawi-ism, that is, the tariqat started by his father, Jalaliddin Mawlawi Rumi, developed and improved its rules, and led the establishment of Mawlawi communities in Konya and other cities. In this article researches on the life, creation and works of Bahauddin Muhammad Sultan Walad by Turkish, Persian, Uzbek, French and Spanish scholars is analyzed. Also, comparatively studied the scientific ideas on the content, idea and structure of Sultan Walad’s diwan, a poetic work called “Masnaviyati Waladiya” consisting of epics such as “Ibtida-nama” (“Walad-nama”), “Rabab-nama”, “Intiha-nama” and a prose work called “Ma’arif”.