Cross Cultural Validation and Adaptation of the Parsimonious Version of Motivated Learning Strategies Questionnaire in the Indian Context
The present study tried to validate and adapt the 44-items parsimonious version of the Motivated Learning Strategies Questionnaire (MSLQ) developed by Jackson (2018), in the Indian Context, by comparing it with the original 81-items questionnaire prepared by Pintrich et al. (1991). The subjects of the study comprised of 1424 students belonging to the disciplines of Sciences, Commerce, Business Administration and Computer Applications (605 boys and 819 girls) at undergraduate and post graduate levels, from universities located in the three regions of the Indian state of Punjab. The goodness of fit indices used in the study are CMIN/DF, GFI, TLI, CFI, RMR, RMSEA, and lower AIC and BIC are used as the estimates of parsimony with the help of SPSS AMOS Ver.23.0. The study found that the sub-scales test anxiety, effort regulation peer learning and help seeking could not display satisfactory psychometrics and hence were eliminated. A total of 52 items from 11 sub-scales are part of the newly validated tool in the Indian context after comparing the original and parsimonious scales of MSLQ in their entirety. The shortcomings of the Cronbach’s alpha as a poor estimator of reliability are discussed and compared with the less known and more reliable greatest lower bound reliability. The implications of the research are discussed.