Vehicular Emission Monitoring System Using Internet of Things
Vehicles have become an indispensable part of today’s life. But the usage of vehicles contributes to air pollution by releasing a variety of toxic gases into the atmosphere by burning gasoline. The emission from vehicles contains nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbon (HC). Due to this, the quality of air is degrading and it also causes diseases like asthma attacks, cancer etc. Poor maintenance and ignition defect of the vehicle increases the emission by causing more fuel consumption. India is the fifth most polluted country in the world and a number of measures are being taken by the government authorities to control the air pollution. But it is a difficult task for the officials to constantly check all the vehicles on a regular basis and to keep a track of the emissions released. This work aims to use Wireless communication and IoT to control the pollution. The gas sensor is used to sense the emission from the vehicles and send it to the transport office database using Wi-Fi. A threshold value for the emission is initialized based on the BS-6 criteria. If the vehicle exceeds the threshold limit then an alert SMS is sent to the owner to Service the vehicle within 10 days. If the service is not done, then the report is sent to the police department to take necessary actions. Analysis is done to find out which engine emits more emission and it is displayed. A secured cloud database is used to prevent any eaves dropping or tampering. SMS gateway is used to send the alert messages.
Keywords: BS-6, Cloud, Gas Sensor, IoT, SMS Gateway, Wi-Fi, Wireless Communication.