Ecological and economic zoning as an instrument of sustainable development of territories
For any federal state regional ecological policy is one of the main areas of activity. Over the past years since the beginning of market reforms, considerable success has been achieved in building a new system of economic relations between the Federal Center and the regions. At the same time, the solution of key problems related primarily to issues of “territorial justice”, ecological state of the regions and the economic efficiency of the national economy is still carried out by providing particular economically weak regions selective support from the federal budget and extra-budgetary sources. The study analyzed the causes of these problems. The following principles were proposed as the basis of administrative and territorial zoning of a constituent entity of the Federation: the principle of compliance with the system of settlement, the principle of accounting for environmental and natural demographic characteristics and others.