A Study on the Thermal Comfort of Prayer Hall Based on the Roof Design of Mosque with Natural Ventilation
Synonymally, a mosque building can be easily identified through the variation in its roof design, of either domed or pitched roof. The design is a result of examples from pioneering mosques, vernacular continuity, religious symbolism and current political influence. Islam is a religion that promotes moderation as well as sustainability in every aspect, and looking at the current mosque scenario, it is now burdened with indoor thermal discomfort issues, the increase in cooling operation cost as well as excessive design image. The objective of this research is to identify the thermal comfort level in the prayer hall that is covered by the main roof based on natural ventilation method. Therefore, a study on thermal comfort have been carried out in identfying the strategies and impacts that have occurred holistically. A methodology based on literature review through reference to similar previous studies on the aspect of mosque design, response towards the hot and humid climate, thermal effect and natural ventilation in general. It is hoped that the findings of this research will provide a basic understanding and a holistic picture of the mosque design impact on the indoor thermal comfort to the congregation, for future mosque development.