Research On The Typology And Design Of Roof As Well As Prayer Hall Of Mosques In Malaysia
Mosques in Malaysia are synonymous with their dominant roof character, which are of either domed or ‘meru’ roof. The domed roof design is a product of the Middle Eastern architecture heritage, which has become a symbol and landmark of Muslims’ place of worship all over the world. On the other hand, the ‘meru’ roof is said to be the original design in the Malay Archipelago, even before the arrival of Islam in the region. The objective of this research is to discuss issues related to the design of roof and prayer hall, as they are seen as the essence to the formation of a mosque. Based on literature review method, it will touch on the aspects of mosques, places of worship, hot and humid climate, as well as response to climate in general. This research is aimed at providing a basic understanding and a holistic picture on its criteria, design effects and potentials.