Application Of Material Flow Analysis For Household Waste Management In Terengganu
Household waste management becomes a major problem as it contributes a higher amount of organic waste composition in Malaysia. A study of household waste management using Material Flow Analysis (MFA) in Terengganu was the aim of identifying and quantifying the input and output flow of household waste in 2018 in order to achieve a more systematic household waste management. The application of Material Flow Analysis (MFA) in this study is relevant in monitoring waste flows and substances within the model for household waste management. The model of the system includes four main subsystems: waste generation, storage, market user, and final disposal. The data used are secondary data collected from in-depth interviews with officers in charge, document analysis, data analysis and literature review. The obtained result indicated that the input of waste imported to the MFA system in Terengganu was about 148.1 ktons of household waste per year with 82% of the waste input generated from the kitchen subsystem of waste flow. The outputs of flow in the system were mainly from wastewater, recycling and composting. This study also found that, the waste generation output flow of household recycling activity was only 2.04 ktons per year, and the output flow of household composting activity among household was only 0.56 ktons per year. It is recommended that in the future, household waste with enriched organic compound can be reused through the introduction of home composting activities that can convert waste into fertilizer products. At the same time, separating waste from the source, according to non-recyclable and recyclable items can help manage household wastes. Offering incentives to households to engage in recycling activity can helps in increase awareness and encourage participation among them.