Management of Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in Russia
Under conditions of sanctions pressure on the Russian economy the role of domestic agricultural producers in securing food safety of the country grew. At that, around a quarter of the Russian population lives and works in rural areas where agriculture is the main source of income for people. Traditionally a relatively low remuneration rate of wage workers is observed in the Russian agriculture as compared to the average rates in economy. In particular in 2017 the salary of the worker of an agricultural organization was 35.7% lower than the average salary in the Russian economy. At the same time the agricultural sector of economy has a number of features (high dependence on natural conditions, seasonal character of agricultural works, territorial atomism of the farms) that make it difficult for agricultural organizations to essentially increase the salary level of their workers on their own (reach the average economical level). Nevertheless, this issue requires solution. Thus, as a result of the conducted empirical research (by the example of three leading regions of the Volga Federal District in terms of volumes of agricultural products - The Republic of Tatarstan, the Republic of Bashkortostan and Saratov oblast) it was revealed that it is the salary of workers of agricultural organizations (social factor, rather than economical ones) that plays a key role in extended reproduction of agricultural products. The value of the K. Pearson’s paired correlation coefficient between the performance indicator and social factor for the above mentioned regions was 0.98; 0.949 and 0.977 respectively. The generated medium-term forecast for the leading regions of the Volga Federal District obtained by the results of mathematical modelling in economics (correlation-regression analysis) is optimistic - in 2018-2021 the agricultural production volumes of all farm categories are expected to grow provided that the tendency of changing factor indicator will maintain (growth of salaries of agricultural organizations’ workers). The conducted empirical research correlates with scientific works of domestic scholars in terms of necessity for sustainable development of rural areas in the country by means of a system approach and fuller account of not only economic but also social factors.