Gender in Religiosity, Religiosentrism and Etnosentrism in the Context of Harmony Development
Potential conflicts between groups can be caused by many factors. One of them is due to the existence of religiocentrism and ethnocentrism in religious and ethnic groups. This study seeks to describe the level of religiosity in relation to religiocentrism and ethnocentrism from a gender perspective. The study was conducted with a quantitative approach. Its location in Yogyakarta, sampling is done by quota samples of 100 people. Data collection used questionnaires and interviews, data analysis was carried out statistically. The results of the research are: (1). most men and women have a high degree of religiosity and a low proportion. More than half of the religioncentrism level is positive, but there are still many negative ones. Most of their ethnocentrism is positive/low, and a small percentage has negative/high ethnocentrism. (2) Women have lower / positive ethnocentrism than men, so women have more capital in the development of social harmony in Indonesia. Although in religiosity and religiosity there is no difference between men and women. (3) There is a correlation between religiosity and religiocentrism and the ethnocentrism of men and women.