Developing the Instrument of Pre-Writing Skill to the First Grade Students of Elementary School
This research aimed to develop the instrument of pre-writing skill to the first grade of Elementary School. In specific, this research propose to resolve teachers’ problem such as (1) most of students’ writing assignment is not well-structured and only given the example of writing on the white board., (2) writing assessment from the teachers still have not met the criteria of assessment standard, (3) teachers’ ability in developing the instrument that measure students’ pre-writing skill is still low. Research and Development (RnD) is used as the method of the research by using the procedural instrument development research design. 150 students from the first grade of elementary school in South Jakarta is chosen as the respondent of the research. The sampling technique that is used in this research is purposive sampling. Based on the assessment of the expert validator, the result of the research prove that pre-writing instrument results good validity and reliability. Besides, pre-writing instrument that consists of 12 items shows 9 valid items and 3 invalid items. Based on the result of questionnaire that is addressed to the teachers, it describes the structure and the difficulty level of writing assignments from low difficulties to high difficulties by using assessment rubric. Thus, the result of the research can be one of the consideration to elementary school teachers especially for the first grade to identify students’ pre-writing skill.