Manage Flood Risk with the Digital Instruments, Community and Officers’ Participation
Flood hydrology is a phenomenon that occurs due to insufficient capacity of the drainage system and environment factors. This survey research was conducted in Medan Municipality to seek the human interaction with digital instruments and participation of community and local government officers to control flood. With survey and observation, it found local government has connected to the digital instruments of National Board of Meteorology and Geopgysics and local systems to dectect the rainfall and flood. The problems that resulted in from the buiding development with concrete has made the flooding appears when heavy rain 2-3 hours in urban areas of Medan Municipal. Digital tools have helped the mitigation and public policy. Additionally, it can be said that 77.7% variation in the dependent variable includes the mitigation of floods, community participation, institutional coordination, the risk of flooding, and land use, thus other comprises 23.3 %. But the problems are coming from the volume of incoming water has the higher size than the absorbed capacity of the soil due to uncontrolled building construction with the small tunnels to flow the water and the illegal buildings near the streams.