Predictive Analysis of Student Performance using Educational Data Mining
This paper examines the factors of course study in various subjects which affect the persistence and graduation outcomes of over 1000 students in different villages of the Madhya Pradesh, and their control group counterparts. This work addressed four questions: (1) how did the timing of student’s Mathematics, Biology, Commerce, Arts and Agriculture courses affect their performance, persistence, and graduation outcomes; (2) whether students who progressed farther through the prescribed foundation course sequences of the program exhibited higher persistence and graduation rates; (3) what were the most frequently taken sequences of courses, and whether students who progressed farther through those sequences exhibited higher persistence and graduation rates; and (4) whether greater progress was more important than other demographic and academic factors for predicting persistence and graduation. We found that students who took their Math course in the second year showed higher fifth-term and seventh-term persistence than students who took it in the first year. Also, students who progressed farther through course sequences consistently exhibited higher persistence and graduation rates. Furthermore , a student’s persistence was a more reliable predictor of graduation than other features. Overall, these findings can potentially inform an institution’s strategies for maximizing persistence and graduation by emphasizing a student’s progress through the curriculum.