Realization or Non-realization of Good Governance in Iran: participation, Weakness of Civil Ethics, and Decline of Social Capital

  • Sahar Golchini , Zohreh Fanni


This study illustrates the basic and current Iran's structure of macro and
micromanagement, which includes a set of factors (government institutions, social and
political institutions, and people) and emphasizes the significance of the role of the political
culture of government and the culture of civil participation in the administration of the
Iranian government and addresses and points to an increase in the decline of civil ethics
and a decline in social capital in Iran, and accentuates the need for reform in the attitude
and awareness of the government and individuals in Iran for the sake of good governance,
due to the cultural, ethnic and religious diversity of Iran. This paper argues that in countries
with traditional and centralized governance systems such as Iran, where individuals are
less able to participate in decision-making, it is essential to recognize the activity of public
and private institutions and associations. And this paper concluded that good governance
can be achieved through capacity building and an integrated approach to decision making,
sharing power, trust- building among all public and private institutions, investing in raising
public awareness concerning social and cultural development, and enhancing social
capital by citizen participation and civil society.