Public Administration: Administration Reform in India &Performance

  • Sreenivas A V, Shipra Tayal


The practise of public administration has existed in India since its ancient history, when early human civilisation began in the Indus valley and progressively spread throughout northern and western India. When excavations of the Indus valley civilization led to the discovery of a planned urban economy, the rudiments of public administration were obvious. The Aryans and subsequent rulers established and strengthened the system of public administration, resulting in the formation of empires in ancient and mediaeval India. Massive planning operations, along with public administration's developmental orientation, resulted in a shift in priority to the residents' welfare. The federal government, state governments, and municipal governments make up the three levels of administration.

In India, public administration is studied in a very different way than it is in the West. It is dependent on the interrelationships of our Democracy's various stakeholders, therefore the research approaches used should be contextual and real-time rather than theoretical. There are a scarcity of active researchers in this field, as well as a lack of knowledge of the subject's substance. The study methods are dynamic and diversified, but the researchers lack institutional support, which hides the subject's growth. Survey research methods are the most acceptable, provided that external effects are avoided.

In this topic, there is a lot of space for cross-disciplinary research that will broaden our understanding. New research methodologies based on modern technology are surfacing, capable of dealing with the current difficult situation. So the urgent requirement is to rebuild the course based on our fundamental understanding of the material so that it can be implemented in real-world settings.