Science, Technology and Technological Innovation Policies for Sustainable Development in Peru
The research aimed to determine the relationship between science, technology and technological innovation (STI) policies and Peru's sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the National Science and Technology System. The research was applied, non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional. The population was 300 experts from the National System of Science and Technology of Peru, the sample was 169 experts in science and technology, probabilistic type with random selection. The study variables were: Science and Technology Policy (independent variable) and its characteristic dimensions: generation and transfer of knowledge, incentives, qualified human capital, level of quality and institutionality. The dependent variable was sustainable development and its characteristic dimensions: people, planet, prosperity, peace and alliances. The instrument was the questionnaire; in the case of the science, technology and innovation policy variable, the survey contained 10 questions and in the case of the sustainable development variable, the survey included 18 questions. For both cases, the Likert scale was used. Descriptive statistics and spearman's range correlation test were used for data analysis. It was evidenced that there is a significant (p≤0.05), moderate and direct (r= 0.526) relationship between STI and sustainable development (SR) policies. A significant (p≤0.05), moderate and direct relationship was observed between STI policies and the dimensions associated with sustainable development goals (people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships). The findings suggest that a change, whether positive or negative, in science, technology and innovation policy will lead to a change in sustainable development goals.