Environmental Impact Assessment Of The Open Cast Mining In Sonbhadra District
The district of Sonbhadra lies in the south-eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh; bounded by the Latitude- 23051’ 54” N - 24046’ 18” N, Longitude- 82040’ 24” E - 83033’ 15” E.
It is covered in the Survey of India topographical sheet no 63 P, L and 64 I and M, on a scale of 1:2,50,000. It is bounded by Mirzapur and Chandauli in the north, Jharkhand in the east, State of Madhya Pradesh in the west and Chhattisgarh in the south (Fig. 1). The district Sonbhadra occupies a geographical area of 6788 Sq km. In the year 2011, It has a population of 18,62,612 of which male and female were 9,73,480 and 8,89,132 respectively.
Average literacy rate in 2011 is 66.18 (male 77.19 and female 54.11) with compare to 49.22 (male 62.95 and female 32.70) in year 2001. There was a change of 27.27% in the population compared to the population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Sonbhadra district recorded an increase of 36.28 % to its population compared to 1991.
The population density is 274 in 2011 as compared to 215 of 2001 and 158 per square km in 1996. The district was previously a part of Mirzapur district. It was created as a separate district in 1991 (DES, 2011).