An Overview of the Growth of Nationalism in the Colonial Societies of Assam

  • Pori Borah


Assam, the north eastern part of the British colony, has experienced the growth of nationalism due to the flames of Indian freedom movement. People started to agitate against the colonial rule because of the exploitative economic policies. The seeds of revolution were sown by the personalities like Maniram Dewan, Mohesh Chandra Baurah alias Peali Baruah, Bahadur Gaonburha, Sheikh Formud Ali, Rupahi Aideo, Lumboi Aideo, Dutiram Baruah and Madhu Mullick. The entry of the peasantry class into the revolutionary struggle has paved the way of political involvement of Assam into the larger filed of freedom movement. Later on, the elements of culture and language influenced the nature of nationalism in the context of Assam. The nature of Assam agitation assumed a formal character with the formation of Assam Association and its merger with the Assam Provincial Congress Committee in the year 1921. With the inclusion of the political aspect the trend has got a new impetus in the direction of national liberation which is evidential in several incidents. Mass involvement in the process of liberation is a prominent feature of the nationalist agenda of this period.