Identification of the Components of Dynamic Empowerment among Medical Education Managers using Content Analysis: A review study

  • Mehdi Bagheri, Shahram Shayan, MD , Fariba Jokar, MD


Introduction and Purpose: Empowerment is the key to the effectiveness of the managers and the organizations, of which “Dynamic Empowerment” assumes a strategic role in the organizations. Evidence shows that managers have a significant role in the dynamics of organizations. Accordingly, managers' empowerment has to be designed considering the dynamic nature of the role of managers, particularly in organizations like medical education, where empowerment in higher education is a significant element in the enhancement and rebuilding educational institutions according to educational strategies. Considering this requirement, the study was performed to identify the components of dynamic empowerment among educational managers of medical universities using content analysis.

Method: The population was papers related to the keywords of dynamic capabilities and empowerment in English and Persian, published during 2000-2020. The selected papers being model-oriented and being on empowerment were the most basic conditions for qualitative content analysis. Content analysis in MAXQDA20 software was used to analyze the texts.

Results: The results indicated that dynamic empowerment components among managers are summed up in 12 categories and 22 subcategories, which were extracted from 64 main and 226 open codes. Twelve dynamic empowerment categories were skills and capabilities, human resources, managerial capabilities, leadership, structural, executive, procedural, dynamic processes, educational, communicative, operational, and evaluation.

Conclusion: According to these results, one can reach a conceptual conclusion on the components of the dynamic empowerment program of managers, by compiling whose model on the managers of Iranian universities of medical sciences; one can design a dynamic empowerment model for university education managers.