Load balancing and Bandwidth Optimization using EECP in Wireless Sensor Network with minimum energy

  • Yogesh Suresh Gunjal , Yogesh Kumar Sharma,Satish Ramchandra Todmal


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have a broad variety of uses including traffic control, environmental tracking, manufacturing process tracking, and operational systems. Large-scale networks of wireless sensors have an expectation that it will play an increasingly significant role in future military and civilian use. Owing to low battery capacity and insufficient bandwidth with proper Load Balancing, developing protocol for wireless sensor network is a difficult task. To this end, a new approach for the processing of hierarchical data is introduced, known as the Energy Efficient Clustering Protocol (EECP). The approach of EECP aims at accomplishing the following goals: to reduce the overall energy usage by the network and to balance the energy dissipation between sensor nodes. The cluster heads as a matter of fact are determined in a better manner and properly distributed in the field of interest, allowing the participant nodes to meet the others with such an effective energy dissipation and proper use of load balancing. Alternatively, for a specified amount of time, the radio nodes are turned off according to sleep control guidelines for their energy consumption. In this paper we first outline the properties of the sensor network which are critical for the design of the EECP protocol. Finally, with respect to EECP protocols, we point out the problem of open testing. A consistency examination of the recommended procedure is performed on the famous simulator, NS2. Thus, during simulation process the sensor nodes residual energy was determined to determine the total number of live nodes per 20s.